With the awakening of national consciousness in the early years of the last century, a few notable efforts were made in British India to improve the system of education prevalent in India during that time. Gujarat Vidyapeeth, started by Mahatma Gandhi, aimed at preparing youth to serve and uplift the rural masses; Shantiniketan tried to bring the cultures of the East and West into universal harmony; Jamia Milia tried to educate the Muslims in leading with the needs of the main stream of national wide and the Gurukul Change aimed at preserving the cultural heritage of the nation keeping with the requirements of the modern age. Inspired by the same spirit Pandit Janardan Rai Nagar established "Rajasthan Vidyapeeth" in 1937 to uplift the down-trodden common man in the feudal state of Mewar. Started as Night Study Centre for the Elementary, Secondary and Advanced Courses in Hindi, our national language, Rajasthan Vidyapeeth has grown into a large complex of more than 50 institutions spread over several districts of Rajasthan.
After the historic event of the unification of Rajasthan, "Hindi Vidyapeeth' added new dimensions to its basic objectives. It became a leading Non-Government Organization during the course of its journey and the founder Pandit Janardan Rai Nagar renamed it as Rajasthan Vidyapeeth.
A special feature of Rajasthan Vidyapeeth administration is what we call the 'Janatantriaya Shilanyas' (Democratic Foundation), i.e. its democratic way of life and work. Vidyapeeth is organized and run entirely by its workers and its basic philosophy is to provide opportunity of participation to each worker in the decision making process through various constituent bodies.
The prestige enjoyed by it during all these years is reflected in the fact that eminent personalities like Late Shri Bhopal Singh, Maharana of Mewar, Dr. Karan Singh of Kashmir, Shriyut Srimannarian, Mahapandit Shri Rahul Sankrityanan, etc. have graced the chair of Chancellor of Rajasthan Vidyapeeth. The eminent persons, who visited Vidyapeeth, include Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, Jai Prakash Narain, Vinoba Bhave, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, Dr. Rajendra Prasad and Dr. Radha Krishnan. Col. Tod completed his historic book 'Annals and Antiquities of Rajputana' during his stay in the campus of this Institution.
The year 1987 was the landmark in the history of Vidyapeeth when the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India and the University Grants Commission granted it the status of a deemed-to-be-University. Since then a number of different types of courses, including professional ones, for the benefit of the society, have been launched. Its guiding objectives have invariably been to provide research based qualitative education to community through preservation and conservation of our socio-cultural values.